Where Are Bowling Balls Made?

Bowling is a universally loved sport, and the key to its enjoyment lies in the heart of an often-overlooked component: the bowling ball.

Did you know that these balls are meticulously crafted through a fascinating manufacturing process and produced at locations across the globe?

The creation of a bowling ball involves intricate steps. From designing cores to perfecting weight distribution, all while using various materials like dense rubber, plastic, and urethane.

In this blog post, we will delve deep into the world of bowling ball manufacturing as we explore different production locations worldwide and learn about top manufacturers’ unique techniques.

Where Are Bowling Balls Made?

In short, bowling balls are manufactured in various locations worldwide, including the United States, Mexico, Japan, and Europe.

American-Made Bowling Balls

As a dedicated copywriter and SEO, I take pride in researching and sharing information about the fascinating world of bowling ball manufacturing. One aspect that stands out is the tradition of American-made bowling balls, which has endured throughout various shifts in the industry.

For instance, Storm Bowling Products continues to manufacture its innovative line of bowling balls from its facility in Brigham City, Utah. This company’s dedication to American craftsmanship not only demonstrates a stance on quality but also supports local economies by providing jobs for skilled workers within the community.

Meanwhile, Ebonite International maintains facilities across different countries – including one right here in the US – where they produce eye-catching designs crafted from advanced materials like reactive resin.

Manufacturing Locations In The United States, Mexico, Japan, And Europe

As the sport of bowling continues to grow globally, so do the manufacturing locations of bowling balls. Major manufacturers have factories located in various countries around the world, including the United States, Mexico, Japan, and Europe.

Brunswick Corporation has its headquarters in Muskegon, Michigan, and operates manufacturing facilities in Reynoldsburg (Ohio), Mexico (Monterrey), and China (Shanghai). Ebonite International also has factories in Hopkinsville (Kentucky) and Arkansas City (Kansas) as well as production facilities in Tijuana (Mexico) and Dongguan City (China).

These manufacturers use varying levels of automation to produce their products. They regularly upgrade their equipment to ensure they remain competitive with advancements made within the industry.

Top Bowling Ball Manufacturers And Their Processes

As the demand for bowling balls has grown over the years, a few manufacturers have emerged as top contenders in the market. Some of the leading companies in this industry include Brunswick Corporation, Ebonite International, and Storm Bowling Products, Inc.

Brunswick Corporation uses advanced manufacturing techniques to make its products stand out from competitors. They employ different materials like particle-infused coverstock, which enhances ball performance and control of the lanes.

Ebonite International boasts a more hands-on process that involves professional bowlers testing designs before mass production begins. And Storm Bowling Products’ patented Core Technology allows for better consistency and performance across all their lines of bowling balls.

The Evolution Of Bowling Ball Manufacturing

The Early Days: From Lignum Vitae To Rubber

In the early days of bowling ball manufacturing, bowlers used wooden balls made from Lignum Vitae wood. These balls were heavy and lacked consistency due to the variations in density within the wood.

Later on, manufacturers started using hard rubber to make more consistent and durable bowling balls that could withstand multiple games.

As technology advanced, manufacturers began experimenting with new materials such as polyester and urethane in the 1960s and 70s. They discovered that these materials not only provided improved durability but also increased hook potential which allowed for better control over ball movement on the lane.

The Emergence Of Plastics And Resins

As the popularity of bowling continued to grow, manufacturers started looking for new materials to use in their bowling balls. In the 1960s, plastics and resins began to emerge as popular options due to their durability and consistency.

Plastics and resins allowed for greater control over weight distribution within a ball while maintaining consistency across production runs.

This made it easier for bowlers to choose a ball that fit their specific needs and preferences.

Modern Manufacturing Techniques

As technology continues to advance, so too does the process of manufacturing bowling balls. Modern techniques involve the use of high-tech machinery and computer software to create consistent ball cores and coverstocks.

Furthermore, automation has allowed for faster production times while maintaining a high level of accuracy. For instance, some manufacturers can produce up to 1000 balls per day using automated processes that include pouring resin into molds, drilling holes with precision machines, and grinding down imperfections.

The Process Of Making Bowling Balls

Bowling balls are made by first creating the core, which is typically made of a dense material like ceramic or polyurethane foam. The coverstock, the outer layer that gives the ball its unique look and feel, is then formed using various techniques such as injection molding or compression molding.

The ball is then drilled and finished according to the specific measurements and preferences of the bowler.

Materials Used In Bowling Ball Manufacturing

Bowling balls are made from various materials, including dense rubber, plastic, urethane, and reactive resin. The core of a bowling ball is typically made of heavy material like bismuth trioxide or barium sulfate.

These materials give the ball its weight and help it maintain its shape during use. Coverstocks can be either solid or porous, depending on the desired performance characteristics.

Manufacturers carefully select materials based on their desired outcome for the ball’s performance attributes like hook potential and length down lane. The manufacturing process involves heating these materials to form a mix that is then poured into molds where it cools and hardens into a bowling ball shape.

Creating The Ball Core

To create a bowling ball core, manufacturers use a combination of materials such as ceramic, resin, and polyurethane. The goal is to create a dense object that allows the bowler to achieve optimal performance.

For example, Brunswick Corporation uses varying densities throughout its cores to control the location of mass on the ball or adjust its shape of it.

Ebonite International has made advancements in their patented “Mod-1” core technology which creates an asymmetrical shape providing dynamic torque potential based on how it is drilled by professional bowlers.

Coverstock Formation

After the bowling ball core is created, it’s time to cover it with a layer of material called the coverstock. Coverstocks are made from various materials such as urethane or reactive resin and are molded into shape through either injection molding or compression molding techniques.

During the process, the mold is heated, and a measured amount of coverstock material is poured into the mold cavity.

Once cooled, this layer becomes tough and durable enough to withstand high-velocity impacts with bowling pins without chipping or cracking. Manufacturers use different types of coverstocks that affect how balls perform in different lane conditions.

For example, some coverstocks provide more friction on oily lanes while others grip better on drier ones.

Molding, Drilling, And Finishing Techniques

In the production process of bowling balls, molding is one of the most important aspects. It involves pouring a liquid material into a mold and letting it cool to form the ball’s core.

Once the core has been formed, it undergoes drilling to customize the weight distribution according to each bowler’s preference.

Finishing techniques involve smoothing out any bumps or ridges resulting from molding and drilling processes before adding a coverstock. Coverstocks can be made from various materials such as plastic, urethane, or reactive resins with different degrees of porosity affecting their stiffness.

Custom Bowling Balls: Personalized Design And Creation

where are bowling balls made

The Process Of Creating A Custom Bowling Ball

Creating a custom bowling ball involves a highly personalized process that allows bowlers to express their unique style and preferences. The first step is selecting the desired weight, size, and color of the ball.

Then, manufacturers create a mold from the chosen design by pouring liquid coverstock materials into it.

Bowlers can also request specific designs or logos to be added for more personalization. Depending on the manufacturer’s level of customization capabilities, bowlers may even choose different core shapes or weights to achieve their desired ball reaction on the lane.

Custom Color And Design Options

As bowling continues to gain popularity, bowlers are increasingly looking for ways to personalize their equipment. One way that manufacturers are addressing this need is by offering custom color and design options.

For example, Brunswick offers its “Edge” series with over 20 different color options for the ball’s coverstock. Additionally, Ebonite International has introduced its “Nebula V2” line with eye-catching swirls of color created by mixing multiple colors of resin together during the manufacturing process.


In conclusion, the process of making bowling balls is a fascinating blend of science and art. From designing and creating the core to molding, drilling, and finishing techniques, there are many steps involved in producing high-quality bowling balls.

Bowling ball manufacturing has come a long way since the early days of using lignum vitae and rubber materials. Nowadays, manufacturers around the world use advanced plastics and resins to create balls that meet specific weight distribution requirements while also delivering optimal performance on the lanes.

As we have explored in this article, top manufacturers such as Brunswick Corporation, Ebonite International, and Storm Bowling Products have manufacturing locations worldwide with different levels of automation.

These factories produce millions of bowling balls each year for bowlers of all skill levels.